Acids and Bases

For each reaction listed, identify the proton donor (acid), the proton acceptor (base), the conjugate acid and the conjugate base:

HCl(aq) + H2O(l) ? H3O+(aq) + Cl-(aq)

HCl(aq) + NH3(g) ? NH4+(aq) + Cl-(aq)

NH3(aq) + H2O(l) ? NH4+(aq) + OH-(aq)

H2SO4(aq) + H2O(l) ? H3O+(aq) + HSO4-(aq)

HC2H3O2(aq) + H2O(l) ? H3O+(aq) + C2H3O2-(aq)

HCO3-(aq) + H2O(l) ? H2CO3(aq) + OH-(aq)

HCN(aq) + SO42-(aq) ? HSO4-(aq) + CN-(aq)

A buffer solution is formed from carbonic acid (H2CO3) and the bicarbonate ion (HCO3-).

Write the equation for the reaction that occurs when an acid is added to this solution:

Write the equation for the reaction that occurs when a base is added to this solution:

A buffer solution is formed from hypochlorous acid (HClO) and the hypochlorite ion (ClO-).

Write the equation for the reaction that occurs when an acid is added to this solution:

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!

Non-profit Tax ID # 203478467