The delegates to the Constitutional Convention embraced the difficult duty of crafting a government that appropriately distributed the power between the national government and the states. For the Founders, the principle of federalism was a means of protecting liberty by limiting and dividing government power. This lesson explores the principle of federalism, how it is constructed in the Constitution and examine the relationship between national and state powers.
Handout A: What Is a Federal Republic? (Background Essay)
Handout B: Federalism Venn Diagram
Handout C: Article I, Sections 8, 9, 10 of the Constitution and the Tenth Amendment
Handout D: State Power – Criticisms and Responses
Primary Source Appendices
Founding Principles for ELL
Vocabulary Scaffolding for ELL