5th Grade Science

Unit Number:

Estimated Duration:
20 days

Unit Rationale:
Using a hands-on approach, students will investigate and experiment with the processes used to identify rocks and minerals. Based on rock properties, students will learn how to classify rock specimens. They will also learn about historic and modern-day uses of certain important rocks and minerals. Students will practice the scientific skills of observation and analysis, and learn to make scientific deductions. This unit prepares the students to formulate their own hypotheses and create methods to test them in future units.

Unit Goal:
SWBAT identify the type and use of certain rock specimens based on their physical properties.

Prior Knowledge:
SWBAT use scientific method and lab procedures to follow directions, complete lab and make inferences based on the results.

Unit Assessment:
SWBAT identify specimens of rocks and minerals using appropriate tests, and based on the identified properties, explicate the methods used to perform the tests and uses for the results.

Lesson Plans:

Lesson Number
Number of Days
Lesson Objective
Lesson Assessment
Benchmark or Standards
LP1 2Acquring & Integrating LPs
SWBAT explain how rocks and minerals differ from each other.
Property identification activity; exit card. D:3; A:8; C:4, 6

LP2 4SWBAT identify the color, hardness, luster and reactivity of various rocks and minerals.
Journal, whiteboard quizzes. C:4; D:1, 2, 3, 6

LP3 3SWBAT identify the crystal shape of various rocks and minerals.
Journal, quizC:4; D:1, 2, 3, 6

LP4 4SWBAT determine the minerals that make up a particular rock.
Lab quiz
C:4, 6; D:1, 2, 3, 6

  1Traditional test
LP5 2Extending & Refining LPs
SWBAT compare how rocks and minerals were used in history with how they are used today.
Venn diagram
A: 2; D:2, 4, 8, 9

LP6 2SWBAT design a series of lab tests to determine the identity of a mineral.
Quiz, completed project.A:2; C:4, 6; D:1, 2, 3, 4, 6

LP7 2Using Knowledge Meaningfully LP
SWBAT identify the type and use of various rock specimens based on physical properties.
Performance Assessment: Students visit stations around the room identifying minerals and rocks using the provided tools/materials. On Day 2, students choose one of the identified specimens and explain how it was used by the Native Americans; they choose two other identified specimens and explain how they would use them to make a living today.A:2; C:4, 6; D:1, 2, 3, 6

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