This resource was reviewed using the Curriki Review rubric and received an overall Curriki Review System rating of 3.00, as of -0001-11-30.
Information - The Discovery of Electricity
E-book, Lesson Plan
The purpose for this lesson plan is for the students to learn about who discovered electricity, how it was discovered and how it evolved. The students will learn about the history of a few pioneers like Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Edison, and Alexander Graham Bell. These inventors started the journey with their inventions using electricity which has a great impact in our lives today. The students will learn the steps to performing an experiment, what electricity is made of, and how it relates to magnetism.
Introduction: Electricity is a part of our everyday life. We take for granted the amount of energy that has to be used to produced electricity in our homes and businesses. For this reason, the students need to know how electricity was discovered. This lesson evaluates the students understanding of what electricity is, its make up, and other inventions created after its discovery. Group Size: Whole class Learning Objectives: The students will: 1. be able to provide historical facts about Benjamin Franklin. 2. be able to define electricity. 3. be able to recite and demonstrate safety procedures. 4. know the importance of safety.5. know history of light sources before electricity was discovered.
Who is Benjamin Franklin? What did he discover? How did his discovery impact our society today?
Essential Vocabulary: atom - the smallest part of a element that contains a nucleus, a proton, a neutron, and a electron electron - carries negative charge nucleus - the center of an atom proton - carries a positive charge neutron - has no charge usable battery - battery filled with mercury for energy to send an electrical charge conductors - objects that attracts electricity easily insulators - objects that resist electricity to flow easily. used to protect against electricity lightning rod - a rod like conductor is used to attract electricity Materials:
Fact sheet on Benjamin Franklin.Light sources cards, resources on lights from the library, pencil, paper, crayons/markers, safety rules, box of paraffin wax, 2 coffee cans, hot plate or stove, candle wick or string, crayon bits, pot larger than a coffee can, water, potholders or oven mitts, long pencil, d cell battery, plastic wrap, hack saw, needle nosed pliers, gloves, vise, glue, scissors, daily writing topic, picture of battery or light bulb, construction paper.
Introductory: The students will be introduce to Benjamin Franklin by reading a short story on his life (15 minutes).We will talk about the experiment he completed to test his theory on lightning and electrical current (15 minutes) The students will be given vocabulary word that are related to Franklin, his experiment, and electricity (5 minutes). We will then discuss the power of lightning and light sources used before electricity was discovered (10 minutes). After discussing the light sources, I will talk to the students about the importance of following the safety rules.
Instructional: The students will be placed in groups of four.Each group will be given a set of cards with names of light sources.The groups will then go to the library to research information on each light source.The requirement will be to obtain the year the light source was used, list some of its disadvantages, a drawing of the light source, and when it was used the most. The students will used their information to create a timeline.The student will have 45 minutes for the entire project.I will give the students a list of some of the rules and have them spend some time coming up with other safety rules they feel are important. The students will learn that Benjamin Franklin created the battery. They will receive a chart showing the parts of the battery.The students will describe what they think the battery looks like inside.I will give the students half of a D Battery to compare to the chart.The students will make a guess on if the battery will light a bulb, why or why not?The students will test their theory by connecting a bulb to the battery half with a wire.
Closing:Ask the students what did they have learned about Benjamin Franklin and the lighting source.Inquire on if any of them are familiar with any of the light resources.If so, where did they see or hear about it?Advise the students that their next lesson will be on another inventor who created the light bulb and other popular inventions used today.
Enrichment and Accommodating Activities:The students will use construction paper too create a daily journal in the shape of a battery or light bulb.Each day the student will be given a topic related to electricity to write on.
Student Assessment: The students will be given a vocabulary matching test.They will get 10 extra points if they can explain how 5 of the vocabulary world relates to electricity.The students will be given a matching test on the parts of a battery and required to list 5 safety rules and why are they important.
The fifth grade students will:
know the history of Benjamin Franklin know the parts of the battery know Benjamin Franklin discovered electricity know vocabulary word related to electricity
Answer Key or Rubric: See attachment
Exceed Expectation (10)
Needs Improvement (0)
Shows knowledge of Benjamin Franklin
Journal Writings on Benjamin Franklin and his impact on society today.
Benchmark or Standards:
SS5H3 The student will describe how life changed in America at the turn of the century.
b. Describe the impact on American life of Benjamin Franklin
Habits of the Mind
S5CS3. Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities.
d. Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment.