Antarctica, like all units developed by the Middle-School Mathematics through Applications Project (MMAP), is based on new thinking about mathematical applications. Traditionally, applications were something that came at the end of the chapter, in the form of a few of those dreaded word problems, where students practiced the algorithm they?d just learned to do. That is not the kind of application you will find herein. Instead, each application is a ?slice? of the real world that has potential for engaging young people in mathematics, rather than a list of mathematical skills to be learned. Students work within a scenario with a problem that encourages them to create and analyze designs. These scenarios provide plenty of opportunities for mathematics to be used and learned along the way.