4: Classifying Animals
For each pair of
2 Student Activity Sheets for Learning Experience 4
Research books (if needed)*
For the class:
Felt tip markers*
*provided by teacher
Read the background information in the Teacher’s Manual.(Please see PDF
) A class chart will need to be created for this
Students will classify the animals in their food web as
producers, herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores based on their research of what
the animal eats.
Students will classify the plants and animals that they included
in their food web as producers, herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, scavengers,
and give examples of scavengers and decomposers.
How do we classify
animals by what they eat?
Create a class chart that would allow students to classify
the items from one of their food webs that they created in Learning Experience 3.
They are to classify the items as plants, animals that only eat plants, animals that eat other animals, and animals
that eat plants and other animals.
|Plants||Animals that eat ONLY plants||Animals that eat ONLY animals||Animals that eat animals and plants|
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Once the plants and animals from the food web have been
categorized, label each category as producers, herbivores, carnivores, and
omnivores. Discuss each heading with students.
Ask student pairs to look at the second food web that was
created in Learning Experience 3. On the Student Activity Sheet for Learning
Experience 4, students can categorize the animals from this food web on their
own. Use research books as needed. Discuss results as a class.
Where do most of the animals from the food web fit into the
Where do humans fit in?
What can you tell about the community the animals are in
based on this chart?
What would happen if their communities changed and their
food source disappeared?
When could something like that happen?
Remind students that ecosystems cycle energy and nutrients.
Ask students to think about what happens to the dead plants and animals in the
ecosystem. The energy they have taken in from the food they have eaten must be
released. That is when scavengers and decomposers come in.
Can you think of an animal or insect that feeds on dead
animals/plants? (decomposers - bacteria, fungi (mushrooms, beetles, earthworms,
slugs), scavengers - vultures, beetles, coyote).
Why are they important to the food chain?
Where does the energy they consume go? (Back into the air,
water, and soil – provides nutrients for things to grow in soil.)
Student pairs could be assigned an animal from the food web,
and they could make a list of everything the animal eats. Then students could
group themselves into categories in different areas of the classroom.
STUDENT ACTIVITY SHEET for Learning Experience
Food Chains & Webs
Use the food web you created for Learning Experience #3 to categorize the
plants and animals as producers, herbivores, carnivores, omnivores.
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