These lessons are designed to provide students with understanding that, First, the United Colonies were formed in 1774 under the Articles of Association. Second, under the same Association the United States through the Continental Congress declared its Independence on July 2, 1776 from Great Britain, issued a Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, enacted the Articles of Confederation on November 15, 1777. Third, all 13 States unanimously ratified this federal constitution, the Articles of Confederation, on March 1, 1781, and on this date the Continental Congress dissolved being replaced with a new governing body known as the United States in Congress, Assembled. Fourth, Although the Unicameral Federal System failed, the Confederation government had many successes including the Treaty of Paris, the Northwest Ordinance and the Constitution of 1787.
*The government also had a Head of State, elected by delegates from all the states, officially titled as the President of the United States in Congress Assembled. Other titles given to the President of the United States in Congress Assembled were: 1. President of Congress; 2. His Excellency; 3. President of the United States of America in Congress Assembled; and 4. President of the United States.
Group Size: Any
An understanding who the six Continental Congress Presidents were and what legislation was enacted under the Articles of Association.
An understanding who the ten Presidents of the United States in Congress Assembled were and what legislation was enacted under the Articles of Confederation.
An understanding that the Articles of Confederation was a 13 State ratified Federal Constitution whose Presidents acted in legislative, judicial and executive capacities.
An understanding of the Revolutionary War challenges that were placed on the federal government of the United States of America.
An understanding that the federal government convened in eight different capitol cities and towns before the formation of Washington D.C.
U.S. Founding Questions students be able to Answer after the lesson.
Which Continental Congress President did Virginians refer to _"Father of our Country"_?
Which U.S. President wrote and introduced the resolution that declared U.S. Independence on July 2, 1776?
Which Continental Congress President signed George Washington's Commander-in-Chief's Commission?
Which U.S. President conspired in the Conway Cabal to replace George Washington as Commander-in-Chief with General Horatio Gates?
Which U.S. president persuaded holdout Maryland to ratify the Article of Confederation in 1781, thereby creating the "Perpetual Union" known as the United States of America?
Which Continental Congress President was imprisoned in the Tower of London during the Revolutionary War and later exchanged for General Cornwallis?
Which Continental Congress President persuaded John Adams and Benjamin Franklin to ignore the direct order of the United States in Congress Assembled demanding that France be included in the negotiations of the Treaty of Paris?
Which U.S. president negotiated the peaceful release of President Elias Boudinot and the entire Continental Congress from Independence Hall in the summer of 1783?
Which U.S. .President’s signature ratified the Treaty that ended the war with England?
Which U.S. President sponsored the legislation to hold the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia after the Annapolis Convention failed to reach a quorum in 1786?
Which U.S. President married royalty that set many of the hospitality traditions adopted by future First Lady’s of the United States?
Who was the First President of the United States?
Which State was the first to ratify the Articles of Confederation?
Who was the First President of the United States of America?
*Rise of The U.S. Presidency Power Point Presentation *
*President Who? Forgotten Founders and their Capitols Power Point Presentation *
Poster Capitols of the United Colonies and States of America
Book: President Who? Forgotten Founders and Their Capitols
_An Adobe PDF Slide Presentation "The Rise of The U.S. Presidency and Their Capitols" is a one Class Lesson that covers 13 Founding Presidential Points that: _
Provides the name, office and time each of the14 Presidents of the Continental Congress and United States in Congress Assembled.
Maps out the four major "constitutional" divisions of the founding Period:
Articles of Association of the United Colonies of America
Articles of Association and un-ratified Articles of Confederation of the USA
Articles of Confederation of the United States of America
The United States Constitution of 1787
Provides an overview of the Duties the Presidents performed
_Adobe PDF Slide Presentation "President Who? Forgotten Founders and Their Capitols" is a two to four week Lesson that covers, in depth, the Founding Period, 1774-1789, from the perspective of the Presidents. There are copious notes on the power point slides._
_Adobe PDF Overview of U.S. Founding Half-Dollar Coin Act of 2009 _