Standards-Based Learning Goals:


Earth and Space Sciences, Benchmark E: Describe the processes that contribute to the continuous changing of Earth's surface (e.g., earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, erosion, mountain building and lithospheric plate movements.

Grade 8:

  • Describe the interior structure of Earth and Earth's crust as divided into tectonic plates riding on top of the slow moving currents of magma in the mantle.
  • Explain that most major geological events (e.g., earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hot spots and mountain building) result from plate motion.
  • Use models to analyze the size and shape of Earth, its surface and its interior (e.g. globes, topographic maps, satellite images).
  • Explain that some processes involved in the rock cycle are directly related to thermal energy and forces in the mantle that drive plate motions.
  • Describe how landforms are created through a combination of destructive (e.g., weathering and erosion) and constructive processes (e.g., crustal deformation, volcanic eruptions and deposition of sediment).
  • Explain that folding, faulting and uplifting can rearrange the rock layers so the youngest is not always found on top.
  • Illustrate how the three primary types of plate boundaries (transform, divergent and convergent) cause different landforms (e.g., mountains, volcanoes and ocean trenches).

Earth and Space Sciences, Benchmark E: Explain the processes that move and shape the Earth's surface.

Grade 9:

  • Explain how the slow movement of material within Earth results from: a) thermal energy transfer (conduction and convection) from the deep interior; b) the action of gravitational forces on regions of different density.
  • Explain the results of plate tectonic activity (e.g., magma generation, igneous intrusion, metamorphosism, volcanic action, earthquakes, faulting and folding).
  • Explain sea-floor spreading and continental drift using scientific evidence (e.g., fossil distributions, magnetic reversals and radiometric dating).

Social Studies

Geography, Benchmark C: Explain how the environment influences the way people live in different places and the consequences of modifying the environment.

Grade 6:

  • Describe ways human settlements and activities are influences by environmental factors and processes in different places and regions including: a. Bodies of water; b. Landforms; c. Climates; d. Vegetation; e. Weathering; f. Seismic activity.
Social Studies Skills and Methods, Benchmark A: Analyze different perspectives on a topic obtained from a variety of sources.

Grade 6: Use multiple sources to define essential vocabulary and obtain information for a research project including: a. Almanacs; b. Gazetteers; c. Trade books; d. Periodicals; e. Video tapes; f. Electronic sources.

Grade 8: Compare accuracy and point of view of fiction and nonfiction sources about a particular era or event.

Benchmark A: Evaluate the reliability and credibility of sources (Grades 9 and 10).

Benchmark B: Organize historical information in text or graphic format and analyze the information in order to draw conclusions.

Grade 6: Analyze information from primary and secondary sources in order to summarize, make generalizations and draw conclusions.

Grade 7:Describe historical events and issues from the perspectives of people living at the time in order to avoid evaluating the past in terms of today's norms and values.


Data Analysis and Probability Standards, By the end of the 8-10 program: A. Create, interpret and use graphical displays and statistical measures to describe data; e.g., box-and-whisker plots, histograms, scatterplots, measure of center and variability. B. Evaluate different graphical representations of the same data to determine which is the most appropriate representation for an identified purpose.

By the end of the 11-12 program: A. Create and analyze tabular and graphical displays of data using appropriate tools, including spreadsheets and graphing calculators. B. Use descriptive statistics to analyze and summarize data, including measures of center, dispersion, correlation and variability.


Technology for Productivity Applications

Benchmark C: Use productivity tools to produce

creative works, to prepare publications and to construct

technology-enhanced models (Grades 6-8). Benchmark B: Identify, select and apply appropriate

technology tools and resources to produce creative works and to

construct technology-enhanced models (Grades 9-12).

Technology and Communication Applications

Benchmark C: Select appropriate technology

communication tools and design collaborative interactive projects and

activities to communicate with others (Grades 6-8).

Benchmark B: Create, publish and present information, utilizing formats appropriate to the content of the audience (Grades 9-12).

Please see the content standards for more information.

Life-Long Learning Goals:

  • Creativity/Innovation
  • Collaboration/Communication
  • Career Development
  • Scientific and Technological Literacy
  • Responsibility for Learning
  • Interconnectivity
Word document of learning goals available here for modification.
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