Here are some books you and your students may wish to read independently or as a group that complement Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl:

Bartoletti, Susan Campbell. Hitler Youth: Growing up in Hitler's Shadow.
This nonfiction book, which includes many photographs, tells the story of the children and teenagers who were recruited into the Hitler Youth and the BDM (Bund Deutsch Madel, the girls' branch of the Hitler Youth). Includes the story of Sophie Scholl and the "White Rose," the group of Hitler Youth who rebelled by attempting to spread the truth of Hitler's acts to German students and were eventually executed.

Gold, Alison Leslie. Memories of Anne Frank: Reflections of a Childhood Friend.
This nonfiction book tells the story of Anne's childhood friend Hannah Goslar, called Lies Goosens by Anne in the Diary.

Gruwell, Erin. The Freedom Writers Diary.
The book that inspired the movie. Some rough language and mature content make this more appropriate for a high school audience. Troubled urban teenagers connect with literature, history, and the world around them through reading Anne Frank and contacting Miep Gies.

Lowry, Lois. Number the Stars.
This fictionalized account of Danish fishermen who risked their lives to smuggle Jews to safety in Sweden centers around a young Christian girl whose best friend is Jewish.

Oppenheim, Joanne. Dear Miss Breed.
This nonfiction book collects letters, photographs, and other memorabilia from Japanese-American children in internment camps during World War II. Woven throughout is the story of a children's librarian in California, Clara Breed, who, over the distance, helped to care for those children.

Volavkova, Hana (ed.) I Never Saw Another Butterfly: Children's Drawings and Poems from Terezin Concentration Camp, 1942-1944. Foreword by Chaim Potok.
This is a collection of children's poems and drawings from Terezin, a ghetto/concentration camp in Poland. Notes in the back of the book relate the fate of many of the authors.

Wakatsuki Houston, Jeanne. Farewell to Manzanar.
This memoir relates the author's experiences at the Manzanar internment camp for Japanese-Americans during World War II and her struggles growing up Japanese-American after the war.

Wiesel, Elie. Night.
Appropriate for older and more mature students, this autobiographical novel relates the guilt experienced by a man who survived the Holocaust.

Yolen, Jane. The Devil's Arithmetic.
In this novel, a young Jewish girl, frustrated with her Holocaust survivor grandparents' rants about the Nazis, finds herself transported by the prophet Elijah back to the horrors of the Holocaust.

There have been many film versions of Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl. I showed my students Anne Frank: The Whole Story, a recent (2001) adaptation featuring award-winning actors Ben Kingsley and Brenda Blethyn, and found it to be very successful. This film attempts to relate much more of Anne's life than the diary does, based primarily on Melissa Muller's biography. You get to see much of her life before she went into hiding, and, sadly, much of what happened afterwards. This film also illuminates what happens to Hannah, so it's also a nice companion piece to the Memories of Anne Frank book. Be forewarned that the scenes in the concentration camps are unsparing and include very brief partial female nudity.

Another film that would be appropriate for a mature audience is Sophie Scholl: The Final Days. Students may enjoy learning about a group of young people who took on the Nazis' lies and violence and tried to spread the message of the danger that Hitler posed. The film is in German (English subtitles are available) and includes some upsetting scenes, including Scholl's execution, which is about as graphic as you can get without actually showing the execution itself. Again, proceed with caution.

An obvious complement to reading the Diary would be to tour a Holocaust museum, such as the U.S. Holocaust Museum in Washington, DC or the Museum of Jewish Heritage in New York City. I have toured both of these museums personally and they are excellent. However, even if they are geographically feasible for you, I would hesitate to recommend them for children younger than 13. Consider strongly how mature your particular group is.

If a tour is not possible, might I recommend my WebQuest related to the Museum of Jewish Heritage right here in this collection?

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