Students will create a Native American power shield. They will research an animal of their choice to find it's "powers" and they will incorperate this animal on their shield.


Lasting Ideas & Results:

Native American beliefs of power shields.


Essential Question(s):

How can I create a Native American power shield and what do the totem animals mean?


Desired Learner Outcomes:

Students will be able to...
Students will know...
Create a power shield. Why the Native American made power shields.
Incorporate animals that represent the traits they want to represent. The meanings of the totem animals.


Aesthetics: 1.A.3, Creation & Performance: 2.1, 2.3, Elements & Principles: 3.1, History & Culture: 5.B.1, 5.B.2


Daily Engagement Activities:

Lesson Number Lesson Day
Description of Activities
Day 1ThursdayStudents will learn about power shields and chose the animal they want to include. They will color the background with chalk.
Day 2FridayStudents will draw their animal on the shield and add other designs. They will color with oil pastel.
Day 3MondayStudents will finish coloring and start adding raffia, beads and feathers.
Day 4TuesdayStudents will complete their shields.

Summative Assessment(s):

Describe Performance Tasks
Explain &/or Reference Criteria
Creation of Native American power shieldsStudents will be assessed on craftsmanship, creativity and likelyness to a power shield.

Pre-Requisite Knowledge & Skills:

Student should know how to use oil pastels and know some history on Native Americans.


  1. Students will chose an animal who's description reminds them of themself or a power they wish they had more of. They will write the name of the animal on the back and will write the meaning of the animal.
  2. They will take a leather colored chalk (tan, brown, etc.) and will color the background of the shield and then will rub it with a paper towel.
  3. Next, students will draw an animal and a design on the front of the shield and color it with oil pastel.
  4. Then, students will use raffia to tie around the edges and the students can slide beads on the raffia and then push the end of the feather through the beads to make it stay.

  • Cardstock pre-cut in large circles (with holes punched in around the edges)
  • Leather colored chalk (tans)
  • Oil pastels
  • Raffia
  • Beads
  • Feathers
  • Handout with animal totem meanings

Modifications, Adaptations, & Accommodations:

Students can ask the teacher for extra assistance.


Use the "single fringe knot" to tie the rafia to the piece. That technique is when you fold the string in half, push the folded end through the hole and then pull the ends through the loop that formed when the string folded in half and pull tightly.

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