Lesson 83: SIMILAR IDEAS

Here are some ways to connect noun phrases (Lesson 45) and statements when you want to show that they are the same, or nearly the same.

Two noun phrases

Maria and John like fruit.

I like fruit and vegetables

Maria and John don't like meat.

I don't like milk or meat (NOT and)


Two statements

These affirmative statements all mean the same:

I like fruit. Maria also likes fruit. (also - before the verb)

I like fruit and Maria likes fruit too. (too - at the end)

I like fruit. Maria likes fruit as well. (as well - at the end)

I like fruit and so does Maria. (so + auxiliary)

These negative statements all mean the same:

I don't like meat. Maria doesn't like meat either.

I don't like meat and nor does Maria.

I don't like meat and neither does Maria.

With longer statements, we can use in addition:

We didn't go out. John had hurt his foot, which made it difficult for him to walk. In addition, the weather was bad.

NOTICE: We can point more strongly to similarity with both...and (affirmative) or neither...nor (negative). Look at Lesson 58.


Three or more

Notice the comma (Lesson 89) and the use of and/or (with no comma before it).

I like folk music, jazz, pop and rock.

I don't like classical music, opera or instrumentals.


Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!

Non-profit Tax ID # 203478467