Lesson 64: ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS


Adjectives

Adjectives tell us something about a noun or pronoun.

Adjectives do not have a plural form. We use the same form for singular nouns (warm day), plural nouns (warm days, NOT warms days) and mass nouns (warm weather).

Many words are only adjectives, but sometimes we can make adjectives from

the -ing form of a verb: swimming pool

a past participle: tired boys

a noun: football stadium


Adverbs

Adverbs give extra information. They can tell us when (Lesson 71), how often (Lesson 73), how (Lesson 80) and where (for example, Lesson 79). They can also make a description stronger or weaker (Lesson 67).

We can make many ADJECTIVES into ADVERBS with -ly. For example:

ADJECTIVE: bad, careful, slow, probable, happy
ADVERB: badly, carefully, slowly, probably, happily

These words are ADJECTIVES and also ADVERBS:

ADJECTIVES:
He is a hard worker.
He is a fast worker.
It's an early train.
She was late.

ADVERBS:
He works hard.
He works fast.
It arrives early.
She arrived late.

NOTICE: The adverbs hardly (Lesson 67) and lately (Lesson 71) have different meanings from hard and late.

This ADJECTIVE has an irregular form for its ADVERB:

He is a good worker.
He works well.

Some ADVERBS are ADVERBS only (there is no adjective). For example:

very (Lesson 67) and almost (Lesson 67).

NOTICE: Position of adjectives (Lesson 65). Position of adverbs (Lesson 66)


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