Lesson 53: NOUNS WITHOUT THE OR A

Sometimes we do not use the or a/ an/ some/ any at the beginning of a noun phrase; we use nothing at all.

With names

With most names of people, places and times (Lesson 48).


Talking generally

We all need water to live. NOT the water

Life is hard. NOT the life

Doctors cure sick people. NOT the doctors

BUT
The water in this bottle is dirty. (Lesson 52)
He has had a good life. (Lesson 54)


Identifying

With mass nouns:
It's coffee.

and plural nouns:
We are students.

BUT with singular nouns:
I am a student/ It is a cup.


Talking about meals

He has breakfast at six. NOT the breakfast

Why don't you stay for lunch? NOT the lunch


Talking about illnesses

I think I've got flu. NOT the flu


After prepositions

When we are talking about:

TRAVELLING

We went by bus. NOT the bus

SOME PLACES

He was in bed. NOT the school

They went to school early. NOT the school

She's in hospital with a broken leg.

Also with church, prison, university

SOME TIMES OF DAY

at night, at midnight, at sunrise
BUT in the morning, in the afternoon

BUT use the if you are saying which.
We went by the 7:45 bus.
She's in the hospital on Yonge Street.

NOTICE: The, or a/ any/ some/ any, or nothing? (Lesson 54)


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