Lesson 43: PASSIVE VERB FORMATIONS

All passive formations have the verb be before a past participle.


Statements (be + past participle)


PRESENT SIMPLE

Tea is drunk everywhere.
These carpets are made by hand.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

They are being held here in 2007.

PAST SIMPLE

This book was written by Shakespeare.

PAST CONTINUOUS

The car was being repaired.

PRESENT PERFECT

She has not been told yet.

PAST PERFECT

They had not been invited to the party.

MODALS BEFORE A SIMPLE FORMATION

It may be locked at any time.
She will be given a prize.

MODALS BEFORE A PERFECT FORMATION

It must have been stolen.
He might have been killed.

BE GOING TO

It is going to be built here.

HAVE TO

The job has to be done by tonight.

USED TO

This place used to be used as a playground.

NOTICE: Irregular past participles are in Lesson 96.


Questions (be + past participle)

As usual, put the first part of the verb before the subject (Lesson 9). For example:

PRESENT SIMPLE

How are these carpets made?

PAST SIMPLE

Who was this book written by?

PRESENT PERFECT

Has she been told the news yet?

MODAL

Can we be seen from here?

NOTICE: With have to and used to, use the correct form of the auxiliary do.
Does it have to be done by tonight?


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