Lesson 31: WILL AND SHALL

Will and shall are modal verbs. Lesson 27 shows you how to make correct sentences with them. This lesson shows you when to use them. Notice that we use shall only for 1st person (Lesson 2); -'ll is the short form for both verbs.

Prediction

FOR THE FUTURE

EXAMPLES:
We shall all die one day.
Do you think it will rain tomorrow?
The manager will be writing to you soon.
I'll be phoning him tonight.

NOTICE: ALSO be going to, present simple, present continuous: Lesson 41 shows you the differences between them

FOR NOW

EXAMPLE:
Don't phone now! They'll probably be having lunch. They usually have lunch at this time.

PAST IN THE FUTURE

EXAMPLE: By this time tomorrow, I'll have finished all my exams.


Intention

OFFERING

EXAMPLES:
He's next door. Just a minute and I'll get him for you.
If you think it's a good idea, I'll phone him.
Shall I help you with that?

NOTICE: ALSO can (Lesson 28) would (Lesson 32). Use shall only in questions.

ASKING FOR HELP

EXAMPLES:
Will
you mail this for me?
What shall I say to her?

NOTICE: could (Lesson 29) is more polite

REFUSING

EXAMPLES:
The car won't start. ( = will not)
He won't tell me the answer.

PROMISES AND THREATS

EXAMPLES:
We'll never forget your kindness.
I'll kill you if you do that again.

MAKING DECISIONS

EXAMPLES:
I think I'll visit my parents this weekend.
I'll have coffee, please.

NOTICE: do NOT use be going to (Lesson 37)

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