Lesson 19: PRESENT SIMPLE -- FORMATION

This formation is very important because we use it very often. The next lesson tells you when you can use it. This lesson shows you how to form it.

Affirmative statements

-S FORM

Use the -s form (Lesson 14) for 3rd person singular (Lesson 2):

EXAMPLES:
My father works in a bank.
The Bullet Train travels very fast.
She has two children.

BASE FORM

Use the base form for all other persons:

EXAMPLES:
I work at home.
We travel by bus.
They have four children.


Negative statements

does not + BASE FORM

Use does not + base form for 3rd person singular:

EXAMPLES:
He does not work at home.
It does not go very fast.
She does not have a car.

do not + BASE FORM

Use do not + base form for all other persons:

EXAMPLES:
I do not work there.
We do not go by train.
They do not have a car.

NOTICE: In speaking, we usually say doesn't or don't. (Lesson 11) .

Questions

does + BASE FORM

Use does + base form for 3rd person singular:

EXAMPLES:
Does he work
hard?
When does it open?
Does it rain often?

do + BASE FORM

Use do + base form for all other persons:

EXAMPLES:
Do
they work hard?
When do we leave?
What do you think?

NOTICE: Do not use do for a subject question. (Lesson 10)

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