The Founders paid close attention to the rights of the accused because they realized that the government had the power both to prosecute and convict. Protections were needed to guard against the government's abuse of these powers. Understanding how the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Eighth Amendments operate to guarantee such protection and how they work to ensure both individual liberty and limit government, which is vital to maintaining free citizenship. This lesson explores these amendments and the protections they provide.
Handout A: How Do Due Process Protections for the Accused Aim to Protect Us All? (Background Essay)
Handout B: Criminal and Civil Procedure Protections
Handout C: Defining Cruel and Unusual
Handout D: Cruel and Unusual?
Primary Source Appendices
Founding Principles for ELL
Vocabulary Scaffolding for ELL