To realize novel nanodevices beyond today's silicon-based transistors, a method is needed that will allow us to create nanowires at designated positions. In this review article, we introduce our method for creating a conjugated polymer nanowire by initiating a chain polymerization of organic molecules using the tip of a scanning tunneling microscope. We have demonstrated this method using a self-ordered monomolecular layer of amphiphilic diacetylene compound adsorbed on a graphite surface. The termination of the chain polymerization can also be controlled by making an artificial defect in advance. Target Audience: 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

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