IN COLLECTION
Introduction:
 

In Europe, under the control of the Nazi’s, it is said that approximately six million Jews were killed. Of this six million, it is estimated that 1.5 were children. Children were very vulnerable during the Holocaust .At first; Jewish children were banned from going to school. Later, they were forced to live in ghettos with their families. In these ghettos the conditions were very bad and children at times risked their lives to bring food into the ghetto for them and their family. Many children were left homeless in the ghettos because their parents were either killed or deported to concentration camps. Some Jewish children were also forced to go to concentration camp. Other Jewish children were forced to hide with their families in closets, holes and even sewers. They were in hiding for weeks or even months. Some of these families received small amounts of food from people who knew where they were hiding. Other children hid their identities by living with Gentile families or traveling through the country and assuming Christian lives. Some children were able to conceal their identities because they blended in with the non-Jewish community. Other children survived by working for short periods in villages and then moving on. For this assignment you will read several stories about children from the Holocaust. After reading their stories, you will write a story as if you were a child during the Holocaust.
 

The Task:
 

Your task will be as a group, read several stories of children during the Holocaust. As you read through the stories, take notes on each child. You are responsible to read at the least five stories. As you read the stories, discuss with your group your thoughts and feelings of the child’s life and how you think your life would have been like if you were alive during the time.

Part two is an individual assignment. After reading several stories of children who lived through the holocaust, you are to write a narrative from your perspective of how life was during the Holocaust. You may choose to write it as an essay or a journal entry. You are to include an account of how your life was before the holocaust and what you endured during the holocaust. You should also include your location, if and where you are hiding, what happened to your family, how the Nazi’s treated you and others. Be sure to use actual events from the time, dates, locations and accounts of the holocaust. When writing, be sure to look at class notes and stories we have discussed in class, this should help with your writing. Although this is a creative writing assignment, writing mechanics still apply. Be aware of your spelling, grammar and punctuation. Remember you are a child living during the Holocaust; I want you to think about how your life would have been if you were there. When your stories are finished, they will be compiled into a class book and put on display in our classroom.

 

The Process:
 

1. First you will be assigned to groups of three to four students.
2. Each group will be read at least five stories about a child during the Holocaust.
3. As a group, you will go to the website graceproducts.com/fmnc/main.htm. Here you will find the names and stories of several children from the Holocaust, click on the child’s name and read their story. As you read each story, take notes on each child. Include their name, location and a summary of their story. This will be collected and turned in.
4. After reading several stories, as a group discusses your thoughts and feelings about what you have read and what you have learned from the stories you have read.
5. After discussing the stories with your group members, you are to write a narrative from your perspective how your life would have been like if you were a child living through the Holocaust. This is an individual task, but you may look to your group members for ideas and questions. In your narrative you will include:

* Your name and age
* What area of Europe you are from
* A description of your life before the holocaust
* What you endured during the holocaust (where you were taken?, who were you with?, where did you hide?, who did you lose?)
* What you did in order to survive
* What the Nazi’s were like and how they treated you

 

Evaluation:
 

 BeginningDevelopingAccomplishedExemplary
Stated Objective or Performance None of the locations mentioned are accurate to the event.Most locations mentioned all accurate places in which the Holocaust took place.All Locations mentioned all accurate places in which the Holocaust took place.
Stated Objective or Performance 5 or more spelling or grammatical errors.3-4 Spelling or grammatical errors1-2 Spelling or grammatical errors
Stated Objective or Performance Missing both name and age.Missing either name or ageName and age stated
Stated Objective or Performance Does not give a description of life before the Holocaust.Gives a brief description of life during the Holocaust.Leaves out 1-2 of the requirements mentioned in the task..Gives a complete description of life before the Holocaust. ( School, friends, family, location)
  Does not give a description of life during the Holocaust.Gives a brief description of life during the Holocaust.Gives a complete description of life during the Holocaust. ( Took at process for complete description)
  None of the events are from the time of the Holocaust or stated.Most events all accurate and appropriate for the time.All events are accurate and appropriate for the time.
  None of the dates are accurate or stated.Most dates are actual dates of the Holocaust.All dates are actual dates of the Holocaust.

 

Conclusion:
 

After completing this assignment you will have learned about several children that lived during the Holocaust. Along with reading their stories, you actually put yourself into their shoes to understand what they went through.

Here are some additional questions to consider:

- Do you think something like the Holocaust could happen again? Why or why not?

- How do you think your life would be different if the Holocaust took place in the U.S.?

·- Have your views changed of the Holocaust? How? Why?

 

Credits & References:
 

Links:

* "Children of the Holocaust." http://graceproducts.com/fmnc/main.htm. Grace Productions. 5 Apr 2009

* A Teacher`s Guide to the Holocaust- Children." http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/People/children.htm. 2005. Florida Center for Instructional Technology, College of Education, University of South Florida . 5 Apr 2009

 

Standards:
 

PA.R.1.5.8.B> Write using well-developed content appropriate for the topicPA.SS.H.8.1.9.D__Analyze and interpret historical research; Historical event (time and place); Facts, folklore and fiction; Historical questions; Primary sources; Secondary sources; Conclusions (e. g., History Day projects, mock trials, speeches); Credibility of evidence; Author or source of historical narratives' points of view; Central issue

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