1a Students know how to relate the position of an element in the periodic table to its atomic number and atomic mass.
1b Students know how to use the periodic table to identify metals, semimetals, nonmetals, and halogens.
1c Students know how to use the periodic table to identify alkali metals, alkaline earth metals and transition metals, trends in ionization energy, electronegativity, and the relative sizes of ions and atoms.
1d Students know how to use the periodic table to determine the number of electrons available for bonding.
1e Students know the nucleus of the atom is much smaller than the atom yet contains most of its mass.
1f Students know how to use the periodic table to identify the lanthanide, actinide, and transactinide elements and know that the transuranium elements were synthesized and identified in laboratory experiments through the use of nuclear accelerators.
1g Students know how to relate the position of an element in the periodic table to its quantum electron configuration and to its reactivity with other elements in the table.
1h Students know the experimental basis for Thomson's discovery of the electron, Rutherford's nuclear atom, Millikan’s oil drop experiment, and Einstein's explanation of the photoelectric effect.
1i Students know the experimental basis for the development of the quantum theory of atomic structure and the historical importance of the Bohr model of the atom.
1j Students know that spectral lines are the result of transitions of electrons between energy levels and that these lines correspond to photons with a frequency related to the energy spacing between levels by using Planck's relationship (E = hv).
3a Students know how to describe chemical reactions by writing balanced equations.
3b Students know the quantity one mole is set by defining one mole of carbon 12 atoms to have a mass of exactly 12 grams.
3c Students know one mole equals 6.02 x 1023 particles (atoms or molecules).
3d Students know how to determine molar mass of a molecule from its chemical formula and a table of atomic masses and how to convert the mass of a molecular substance to moles, number of particles, or volume of gas at standard temperature and pressure.
3e Students know how to calculate the masses of reactants and products in a chemical reaction from the mass of one of the reactants or products and the relevant atomic masses.
3f Students know how to calculate percent yield in a chemical reaction.
3g Students know how to identify reactions that involve oxidation and reduction and how to balance oxidation-reduction reactions.
10a Students know large molecules (polymers), such as proteins, nucleic acids, and starch, are formed by repetitive combinations of simple subunits.
10b Students know the bonding characteristics of carbon that result in the formation of a large variety of structures ranging from simple hydrocarbons to complex polymers and biological molecules.
10c Students know amino acids are the building blocks of proteins.
10d Students know the system for naming the ten simplest linear hydrocarbons and isomers that contain single bonds, simple hydrocarbons with double and triple bonds, and simple molecules that contain a benzene ring.
10e Students know how to identify the functional groups that form the basis of alcohols, ketones, ethers, amines, esters, aldehydes, and organic acids.
10f Students know the R-group structure of amino acids and know how they combine to form the polypeptide backbone structure of proteins.
Substrand: Nuclear Chemistry
11a Students know protons and neutrons in the nucleus are held together by nuclear forces that overcome the electromagnetic repulsion between the protons.
11b Students know the energy release per gram of material is much larger in nuclear fusion or fission reactions than in chemical reactions. The change in mass (calculated by E = mc2) is small but significant in nuclear reactions.
11c Students know some naturally occurring isotopes of elements are radioactive, as are isotopes formed in nuclear reactions.
11d Students know the three most common forms of radioactive decay (alpha, beta, and gamma) and know how the nucleus changes in each type of decay.
11e Students know alpha, beta, and gamma radiation produce different amounts and kinds of damage in matter and have different penetrations.
11f Students know how to calculate the amount of a radioactive substance remaining after an integral number of half lives have passed.
11g Students know protons and neutrons have substructures and consist of particles called quarks.