Voices Of History by the Bill of Rights Institute

Heroes and Villains

Founders and the Constitution

A look at the virtue of Courage through the courageous action of August Landmesser. Courage is defined as standing firm in being a person of character and doing what is right, especially when it is unpopular or puts you at risk. The significance or courage in a society built on democratic principles is explored in this lesson .
Courage: Primary Source Analysis
Courage: August Landmesser’s Courageous Refusal
Discussion Guide
From Where I Stood to Where I Stand
Virtue in Action
Courage Worksheet
Implementation Guide
Defining Civic Virtue
What Is Virtue? – Historical and Philosophical Context
What Is Virtue? – Defining the Term
Clarifying Civic Virtue
Identifying and Defining Civic Virtues
Teacher’s Notes for Launching Heroes & Villains
Heroes & Villains Curricular Planning
Primary Source Activity: Benjamin Franklin and Civic Virtue
Answer Key
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