The following questions will help to summarize the activity:

  1. What kinds of foods had the highest amount of energy? Why?

Foods that do not have many nutrients have the most energy. Sugar and fat provide more energy per ounce of food, but they don’t provide many nutrients.

  1. Since foods of minimal nutritional value have the most energy. Why should we eat them less often than fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat milk?

Because fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat milk products have the nutrients we need. Think of your diet like an allowance or budget. If you spend all of your allowance or budget on luxury items, you may not have enough to pay for what you really need. Similarly, if you eat a lot of fatty or sugary foods that don’t contain many nutrients, you may be too full to eat the nutrient-rich foods you need. Your budget for food is determined by your age, gender, height, and how physically active you are. The only things you can control are the foods you eat and the amount of physical activity you get. The relationship between these two things is called “energy balance.” You want to keep a balance between the energy coming into your body through the foods you eat and the energy you use during physical activity.

*You may wish to refer to the Nutrient Chart included in this activity.

  1. Why did you want to get as close as possible to the Energy Zone?

The Energy Zone represented a balance between the energy coming into your bodies through the food you ate and the energy being used up as you played touch football.

  1. What did it mean if you went far beyond the Energy Zone?

If you went far beyond the Energy Zone, you took in much more energy than what you used up playing the physical activity of touch football. Your body was not in energy balance.

  1. What did it mean if you did not get to the Energy Zone?

It meant you did not get enough energy from the foods you ate. You do not want to go too far over the Energy Zone, but you definitely want to make sure you have enough energy to get there. Without enough energy, you will feel hungry, tired, nauseous, distracted and dizzy. You want to make sure you have enough energy to do all the things you want to do during the day.

  1. What do you think would happen to left-over energy if you went past the Energy Zone?

Energy that is not used by the body is stored. Any energy left-over at the end of the activity would be stored…unless the activity was extended. Playing longer would use up any extra energy. You can make your energy budget more balanced by increasing your physical activity.

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